Com­puter Vi­sion for Cu­ri­ous Ma­chines

Symposium:


Session Title:

  • Surveillant Spaces: From Autonomous Surveillance to Machine Voyeurism

Presentation Title:

  • Com­puter Vi­sion for Cu­ri­ous Ma­chines

Presenter(s):



Abstract:

  • Panel: Surveillant Spaces: From Autonomous Surveillance to Machine Voyeurism

    Com­puter vi­sion is a branch of ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence that is con­cerned with de­vel­op­ing al­go­rithms to allow ma­chines to process and re­spond to vi­sual data.  The de­gree to which the early pi­o­neers in ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence un­der­es­ti­mated the chal­lenges in­volved is often il­lus­trated with an anec­dote about Mar­vin Min­sky in­struct­ing a stu­dent to solve “the prob­lem of com­puter vi­sion” as a sum­mer pro­ject. The first break­throughs in com­puter vi­sion came from the field of com­pu­ta­tional neu­ro­science and the work of David Marr, build­ing low-level mod­els of the vi­sual cor­tex from the ground up.

    Nearly forty years later, the state-of-the-art in com­puter vi­sion is still very much in the process of con­struct­ing rel­a­tively prim­i­tive rep­re­sen­ta­tions from cap­tured im­ages. Nev­er­the­less, the re­search has pro­duced a wealth of tech­niques that can be ap­plied to suit­ably struc­tured scenes to ex­tract mean­ing­ful in­for­ma­tion.  Many of these tech­niques are sim­ple enough that they can be im­ple­mented by novice pro­gram­mers while more so­phis­ti­cated tech­niques have be­come read­ily avail­able through pro­gram­ming li­braries and off-the-shelf soft­ware. The avail­abil­ity of com­puter vi­sion tech­nol­ogy pro­vides a base for ex­per­i­ment­ing with ma­chine au­ton­omy in cre­ative do­mains. In this panel I will dis­cuss the pos­si­bil­ity of de­vel­op­ing au­tonomous ma­chine per­form­ers that take ad­van­tage of the ad­vances in com­puter vi­sion by first re­view­ing some of rel­e­vant low-level and high-level tech­niques and show­ing how these can be in­te­grated with ma­chine learn­ing sys­tems. In par­tic­u­lar, I will pre­sent this ex­plo­ration in re­la­tion to my re­search de­vel­op­ing self-mo­ti­vated (cu­ri­ous) agents and my col­lab­o­ra­tions with Petra Gemein­boeck ex­plor­ing the per­for­ma­tiv­ity of the gaze through the cre­ation of ma­chine aug­mented en­vi­ron­ments. In this work­shop-like ses­sion we will ex­plore the con­struc­tion of a self-mo­ti­vated ma­chinic voyeur, ex­am­ine what it sees, how it re­sponds and what dri­ves it.

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