James Clough studied at the London College of Printing. Based in Milan, he works with Italian and international publishers and agencies in the fields of typographic design and calligraphy. He teaches theory and history of typography at the Politecnico di Milano and writes for Italian and international publications on calligraphy, type design and the history of printing. He lectures in Switzerland, Great Britain and the USA. He is a member of the Printing Historical Society, AIAP (Association of Italian graphic designers) and is a member of the ACI (Italian Calligraphy Association).